Pena Park

Pena Park | A Lush Green Garden Of Pena National Palace

Pena Palace Park, located in Sintra, Portugal, is a spectacular garden surrounding the iconic Pena Palace. Designed by King Ferdinand II in the 19th century, the park symbolises the Romanticism movement with carefully incorporated artistic and architectural elements. The park spans over 200 hectares, featuring a diverse array of exotic plants and trees imported from various parts of the world, creating a unique botanical garden.

You can explore numerous trails that lead to hidden caves, ponds, and breathtaking viewpoints. Some highlights include the Valley of the Lakes, which features several interconnected lakes, and the Queen's Fern Valley, showcasing lush ferns and other greenery. The park also houses various pavilions, fountains, and sculptures that add to its gorgeous ambience.

The Chalet of the Countess of Edla, built by King Ferdinand for his second wife, is another significant feature of the park. This Swiss-style chalet, with its intricate woodwork and charming design, complements the park's romantic setting. Overall, Pena Palace Park offers a serene and picturesque escape, inviting you to immerse yourself in its beauty and historical significance.

Places To See In Pena Park


The waterwheel in the Pena Palace Park, Sintra is a spectacular neo-moorish architectural design that has a unique and interesting water management system. The most striking feature of this waterwheel was to use underground water mines to raise water from the park to the palace. The same water management system was also used to water the gardens, supply water to tanks, lakes and waterfalls. Till today, the system has been fully functioning and supplies water to the entire palace park. 

Checkout & Book: Pena Palace and National Palace of Queluz & Gardens Combo Tickets

Riding Arena

Formally known as the Picadeiro, the famous riding arena situated in Pena Park is embraced by beautiful magnolias. This place has now become a famous spot for a casual stroll amidst nature. As the name suggests, the riding arena was earlier used as a space where young princes learned horse riding . Additionally, the arena holds historical significance as this is exactly where tennis was played for the first time in Portugal. In 1843, this part of the park was transformed by King Ferdinand II into an ornamental farm, providing pleasant country walks. 

Read More: Plan your visit to Pena Palace

Temple of Columns, Warrior and Queen's Table

Amidst the canopy of trees, the magnificent Temple of Columns stands out, capturing attention with its striking yellow dome held aloft by twelve elegant columns. Adjacent to the temple, the imposing statue of the Warrior, skillfully sculpted by Ernesto Rusconi in 1848, assumes its role as the guardian of Pena's realm. This statue portrays D. Fernando II, the prince who chose Portugal as his abode, and its shield proudly displays a caravel, symbolizing his safe and auspicious arrival. Close by, the quaint octagonal table known as Mesa da Rainha pays homage to Queen D. Amélia's affection for this cherished spot.

Book Now: Lisboa's Oceanário and Pena Palace Combo Tickets

High Cross

Perched at an impressive altitude of 528 meters, Cruz Alta in Parque and Palacio da Pena offers breathtaking vistas of Lisbon, Cascais, the Atlantic Ocean and the picturesque Saloia region. Originally home to a cross commissioned by D. João III in around 1522, which was later destroyed by a storm, King Fernando II replaced it with a new cross. Unfortunately, this cross too met its demise due to lightning in 1997. However, in 2008, a new replica crafted from a single block of limestone, weighing approximately 1,700 kilos and was painstakingly created and transported to its location, showcasing intertwined trunks and intricate hollowed-out sections.

Explore Now: Places to Visit Near Pena Palace

Gruta do Monge and Alto de Santa Catarina

Within Parque da Pena, numerous secluded spots await discovery, including Gruta do Monge, a historic retreat for the monks of Pena Monastery, providing a serene space for reflection, meditation and communion with nature. Another remarkable vantage point is Alto de Santa Catarina, offering panoramic views of the palace. Nestled here is the Queen's Throne, a seat carved into the rock, adorned with tiles and coated in tar. This cherished location earned its name as it was favored by Queen D. Amélia, adding to its allure.

Book Now: Lisboa's Oceanário, Pena Palace & Sintra National Palace Combo Tickets

Garden of Camellias

Pena's Jardim das Camélias stands out as a remarkable botanical treasure. These captivating species, hailing from China and Japan, were brought here by King Fernando II during the 1840s. Blooming during the winter, they have become synonymous with the enchanting beauty of Sintra. The diverse colors and shapes of these camellias enliven the gardens. French gardener Bonnard meticulously planted it, featuring not only popular 19th-century international cultivars but also noteworthy Portuguese cultivars, some associated with members of the Portuguese Royal Family at that time.

Suggested Read: Inside Pena Palace

Queen's Fetary

Within this section of the Park, an extraordinary tree, the Giant Tuia, captures attention with its remarkable presence in the landscape. Standing tall like a sentinel, it adds grandeur to the surroundings. Nearby, lies the captivating Feteira da Rainha, a collection that showcases lush tree ferns from Australia and New Zealand. Planted in a valley blessed with favorable climate and adorned with towering deciduous oaks, their canopies intertwine at the apex, evoking a cathedral-like structure reminiscent of a Gothic nave. This combination creates a truly exotic and enchanting ambiance within the park. 

Must Checkout: Lisbon to Quinta da Regaleira, Sintra, & Pena Palace Trip

Valley of the Lakes and Fonte dos Passarinhos

Passing through the grand entrance gate, a captivating journey unfolds along the path that meanders alongside five interconnected lakes, embellished with gentle cascades, within a serene leafy valley. Among the lakes, two pateras serve as shelter structures for aquatic birds. Following the valley's trail, you arrive at the Fonte dos Passarinhos, a small pavilion adorned with neo-Moorish frescoes. Its hexagonal layout, vaulted dome and tile embellishments enclose a crystalline fountain whose melodic sounds are enhanced by the building's excellent acoustics. Additionally, the delicate bird statues adorn the inner parapet, lending the structure its name.

Also Read: Pena Palace Facts

Garden and Chalet of the Countess d'Edla

In Pena Park, Terraco Cocheiras, an alpine-style building seamlessly blending into the natural surroundings, was constructed by King Fernando II and his second wife, the Countess of Edla, Elise Hensler, from 1864 to 1869. This remarkable structure is located within the Parks of Sintra Park and Palace of Pena. The surrounding garden boasts a diverse array of botanical collections, featuring camellias, rhododendrons, azaleas, ferns and various other plant species, creating a stunning display of natural beauty.

Must Read: Pena Palace History

Who Built Pena Park?

Baron Wilhelm Ludvig von Eschwege, a respected 19th-century German-Brazilian geologist and engineer, was commissioned by Ferdinand II to construct the Pena Palace Park. Renowned in the scientific community, his geological investigations unveiled valuable mineral resources through extensive surveys and explorations, contributing significay to the field. His enduring legacy is marked by pioneering discoveries and impactful advancements in geology.

Why Visit The Park Of Pena Palace?

  • The Pena park showcases the magnificent architecture of the palace itself, with its vibrant colors and blend of different architectural styles.
  • From vibrant flower beds to manicured hedges, the gardens offer a feast for the eyes and provide countless picturesque spots for relaxation and photography.
  • The parks boast a wide variety of plant species such as the rare and exotic ones including camellias and rhododendrons to ferns and azaleas. 
  • Positioned atop a hill, the parks offer breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape, including the charming town of Sintra and even the distant Atlantic Ocean.
  • The Pena park offers various recreational activities, such as walking trails, picnicking spots, and benches for relaxation.
  • The Parks of Pena Palace are conveniently located near other notable attractions in Sintra, such as the Moorish Castle and Quinta da Regaleira.

Checkout & Book: Pena Palace and Moorish Castle Combo Tickets

Design And Architecture Of Pena Park

The Park of Pena Palace is a remarkable fusion of Romanticism, eclecticism, and landscape design, showcasing the visionary ideas and execution of King Ferdinand II of Portugal and Baron Wilhelm Ludvig von Eschwege during the 19th century.

The essence of Romanticism is vividly manifested throughout the park, characterized by its vibrant colors, intricate stonework, and meaningful inscriptions. These elements draw inspiration from a rich tapestry of architectural traditions, including Gothic, Renaissance, and Islamic motifs. One striking example of the Pena Palace Park is the majestic dome crowning the Fountain of the Small Birds, reminiscent of the architectural features found in historical and contemporary Islamic structures.

Know Before You Visit Pena Palace Park

Essential Information
How To Reach Pena Palace?

Location: Estrada da Pena, 2710-609 Sintra, Portugal

Opening hours: Pena Palace Park is open every day from 9:30 am to 6:30 pm, except on January 1st and December 25th. The last entry to the park is at 6 pm, 30 minutes before closing. 

Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit Pena Palace Park is during the spring (March to May) and fall (September to October) when the weather is mild, and the park is full of colours. These seasons offer a more comfortable climate for exploring the park’s extensive gardens and scenic trails. Additionally, visiting early in the morning or late in the afternoon helps avoid the peak tourist crowds, ensuring a more peaceful experience.

By Bus: You can take the Scotturb bus 434, also known as the "Pena Circuit," from every prominent square in Sintra.

By Taxi or Rideshare: Taxis and rideshare services like Uber are available and provide a convenient way to reach the palace directly from Sintra.

By Car: The park of Pena Palace Park is located around 7 km from Sintra. You can easily reach the park in 20 minutes via the Estrada da Pena route.

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FAQ's of Pena Palace

What is the Pena Park?

Pena Park is a public park located in the complex of Pena Palace.

When was the Pena Park built?

Pena Park was built in the 18th century!

Who designed Pena Park?

Baron Wilhem desinged the Pena Park.

What are the opening hours of the Pena Park?

Pena Park was open from 9 AM To 7 AM daily

Why is the Pena Park so famous?

The Park of Pena Palace is famous for its exotic collection of more than 2000 plants collected from all over the world. You would find North American Sequoia, Lawson’s Cypress, Japanese Cryptomeria, Chinese Ginkgo and many more such plants. The park also has a very beautiful bird house, a large lake and pond. To enjoy the stunning views of the garden you can walk upto the Southern Viewpoint from where magnificent sights of oceans and countryside from a distance are visible.

Read More: Pena Palace Tour From Lisbon

Where do you park when visiting Pena Palace?

There are two large parking areas available near the Pena Palace. The parking spaces are located near the lower garden, you can park your vehicle there and can take a walk through the lush greens on your way to the palace.

Read More: How To Get To Pena Palace

What is the best time to explore the Park of Pena palace?

The best time to explore the park of Pena Palace is during the early hours of the day when it’s less crowded, so that you don’t have to stand in large queues. The Pena Park is a sight to behold during early morning, and a treat that shouldn’t be missed at all.

How long do you need at the Pena Park?

It takes around 2-3 hours to take a detailed tour around the exotic gardens of the Pena Park, where more than 2000 exotic plants have been planted. The park has a birdhouse, a very beautiful lake and large ponds where ducks can be spotted taking baths.

How long is the walk from the Pena park entrance to Pena Palace?

The walk from the park entrance to the way upto the palace takes around 30 minutes as the distance is about 4 km long.

How can I reach the Park of Pena Palace?

The Park of Pena Palace are easily accessible by car or public transportation from Lisbon, as Sintra is located just a short distance away. Regular train and bus services are available to reach the town, and from there, you can either take a local bus or walk to the palace.

Are the Park of Pena Palace wheelchair accessible?

Yes, the Pena Park offer accessibility options for visitors with mobility challenges. There are paved paths and ramps throughout the gardens, ensuring wheelchair access to most areas. However, some steep slopes or natural terrain may pose difficulties in certain parts.

Do we have to book National Palace of tickets in advance?

Yes, it is highly recommended to book Pena Palace tickets online, in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons when it can become very busy. By booking Pena Park tickets in advance, you can skip the line queues and enjoy a seamless visit to this stunning palace without any hassle

Are there guided tours available in the Park of Pena Palace?

Yes, guided tours are available for visitors who wish to explore Pena Park. These tours provide informative insights into the history, architecture, and botanical aspects of the park. You can join a guided tour or hire a private guide for a more personalized experience.

Are there any restaurants or cafes near the Park of Pena Palace?

Yes, there are restaurants and cafes located within the Park of Pena Palace where you can enjoy a meal or grab a snack. These establishments offer a range of culinary options, allowing you to refuel and relax during your visit.

Are there any other attractions near the Park of Pena Palace?

Yes, the Park of Pena Palace are located in close proximity to other notable attractions in Sintra. These include Quinta da Regaleira, the Moorish Castle, and the National Palace of Sintra. You can plan your visit to explore multiple attractions in the area.


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